All Souls College Oxford
University of Oxford
All Souls College (official name: The Warden and the College of the Souls of All Faithful People Deceased in the University of Oxford) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England.
All Souls is one of the wealthiest colleges in Oxford, with a financial endowment of £286.4m (2014). However, since the College's principal source of revenue is its endowment, it only ranks nineteenth among Oxford colleges with respect to total income.
The College is primarily an academic research institution with particular strengths in the humanities and social and theoretical sciences and an outstanding library. It also has strong ties to public life. Although its Fellows are involved in teaching and supervision of research, there are no undergraduate members.
Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically become Fellows (i.e., full members of the College's governing body). As of January 2015 there are seventy-six Fellows of All Souls, twenty-three Visiting Fellows, eight Honorary Fellows, and thirty-two Emeritus (i.e. retired academic) Fellows, whose continuing research the College actively supports. Of the current Fellows, thirty-three are academics entirely funded by All Souls (as Senior Research Fellows, Post-Doctoral Fellows, and Examination Fellows), seventeen are academics with Oxford University positions attached to All Souls, and the rest include academics at other universities, non-academics (e.g. barristers), former Fellows who have attained distinction in public life, and the College Chaplain, Fellow Librarian, and Bursars. The non-academic Fellows play an important part in the governance of the College and help connect academic and public life, notably in law, economics, and politics and international relations.
Through the Examination Fellowships and Post-Doctoral Fellowships, the College is strongly committed to academics at an early stage of their careers. At the same time the College has twenty-two Fellows of the British Academy (and a further twenty-one amongst its Emeritus Fellows), and three Fellows of the Royal Society.