Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University) is a private research university in Stanford, California, and one of the world's most prestigious institutions, with the top position in numerous rankings and measures in the United States.
Stanford was opened on October 1, 1891 as a coeducational and non-denominational institution.
Stanford is located in northern Silicon Valley adjacent to Palo Alto, California. The university's academic departments are organized into seven schools, with several other holdings, such as laboratories and nature reserves, located outside the main campus. Its 8,180-acre (3,310 ha) campus is one of the largest in the United States. The university is also one of the top fundraising institutions in the country, becoming the first school to raise more than a billion dollars in a year.
Stanford's academic strength is broad. It has 21 living Nobel Laureates in Physics, Medicine, Chemistry, and Economics and 1 living Fields Medal winner.